Top 10 Technologies to Learn in 2024: A Comprehensive Guide

In today’s fast-paced technological landscape, staying ahead of the curve is crucial. Welcome to Green Field Computer Academy’s guide on the top 10 technologies to learn in 2024. Whether you’re an aspiring tech enthusiast or a seasoned professional, these trending technologies will open doors to a world of opportunities. Investing in these technologies through GFCA’s online training and certification courses will help you stay relevant and competitive in your career.

1. Generative AI

Artificial intelligence (AI) has been a transformative force in technology, and generative AI is at the forefront of this evolution. Generative AI models can create text, images, sounds, animations, 3D models, and other media types. Popular examples include ChatGPT, Google Bard, and GitHub Copilot. According to Bloomberg, the generative AI market is projected to reach $1.3 trillion by 2032, and McKinsey reports that it can reduce an average worker’s workload by 60-70%, equating to 40% of all working hours in a day. Salaries for generative AI engineers are impressive, with averages of 11 lakhs per annum in India and $153,000 per annum in the United States. Senior roles can command salaries as high as $800,000.

2. Cybersecurity

In the digital age, cybersecurity is essential for a safer future. The demand for cybersecurity professionals is high, with a 100% employment rate for experienced positions. Cybersecurity Ventures predicts 3.5 million unfilled jobs in this field through 2025. Nasscom estimates that the Indian IT industry will create over 1.5 million new jobs in cybersecurity by 2025. Cybersecurity engineers earn an average of 8 lakhs per annum in India and $126,000 per annum in the United States. Major organizations like Microsoft, NetApp, IBM, Netflix, and Accenture are actively hiring in this field.

3. Sustainable Tech Solutions

Sustainable tech solutions leverage technology to create products and services that benefit the environment. The electric vehicle (EV) industry is a prime example, with significant job growth in renewable energy and environmental sectors. According to the Society of Manufacturers of Electric Vehicles, the EV industry in India will generate over 9 million job opportunities. EV engineers earn an average of 10 lakhs per annum in India, with top salaries reaching 80 lakhs per annum. In the US, the average salary is $110,000 per annum. Companies like Schneider Electric, Larsen & Toubro, General Motors, Siemens, Phillips, and Tata Motors are leading employers in this sector.

4. Cloud Computing and DevOps

Cloud computing and DevOps are revolutionizing business operations by providing scalability, flexibility, and streamlined processes. According to Statista, 28% of recruiters face challenges hiring cloud and DevOps experts. Senior DevOps engineers in India can earn up to 45 lakhs with 10 years of experience, while in the US, the salary can be $168,000. Cloud architects earn an average of 22 lakhs per annum in India and $146,000 in the US. Companies like Tata Consultancy Services, Accenture, Amazon, Cognizant, IBM, and Amdocs are actively seeking cloud and DevOps professionals.

5. Data Science and Analytics

In the era of big data, understanding data science and analytics is crucial. Data science allows for extracting valuable insights and making informed decisions. Data scientists in India earn an average of 14 lakhs per annum, while in the US, salaries range from $130,000 to $170,000 per annum. Key employers include Microsoft, EY, Amazon, Google, Walmart, JP Morgan Chase, and PwC.

6. Human-Computer Interaction (HCI)

Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) focuses on creating intuitive and efficient interfaces for technology users. The global HCI market is projected to reach $7.3 billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 8.1%. Professionals in this field earn an average salary of $142,000 in the US and 10 lakhs per annum in India. Leading companies in HCI include Live Wire, Mitsubishi Electric, Schneider Electric, Neuralink, Meta, and Sony.

7. Blockchain

Blockchain technology extends beyond cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, impacting supply chain management, healthcare, e-commerce, publishing, and insurance. Blockchain is predicted to raise the global economy by $1.76 trillion by 2030. Blockchain developers in India earn an average of 8.5 lakhs per annum, with senior roles commanding up to 80 lakhs annually. In the US, the average salary is $142,000 per annum. Companies like TCS, IBM, Tech Mahindra, HCL, PwC, and Cognizant are leading employers.

8. Full Stack Web Development

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Full stack web developers are skilled in both front-end and back-end development, making them highly valuable in the tech industry. There are over 11,000 open positions in the US and 9,000 in India. Full stack web developers in the US earn an average of $128,000 per annum, while in India, salaries range from 6 to 16 lakhs per annum. Employers include TCS, Infosys, Spotify, Uber, Wipro, Mindtree, IBM, and Accenture.

9. Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR)

VR and AR are transforming various industries, from shopping to gaming to healthcare. The VR market is expected to grow from $6.1 billion in 2023 to $20.9 billion by 2025. VR and AR developers in the US earn an average of $121,000 per annum, while in India, the average salary is 12 lakhs per annum. Brands like Sephora, IKEA, Gucci, Amazon, Wayfair, Target, and Moscot are utilizing AR and VR technologies.

10. Robotic Process Automation (RPA)

RPA focuses on automating repetitive tasks, increasing demand for automation solutions. RPA professionals in the US earn salaries that are approximately 30% higher than those of software engineers or general programmers. In India, RPA developers earn an average of 6.6 lakhs per annum, with experienced professionals earning up to 25 lakhs per annum. Major organizations like Randstad, Shell, KPMG, Cognizant, and TCS are implementing RPA and seeking trained professionals.


The tech landscape in 2024 will continue to evolve, presenting challenges and opportunities. Learning these top 10 technologies will help you stay ahead in your career. Whether you’re looking to upskill, transition to a new career, or remain relevant in your current role, investing in these technologies through GFCA’s online courses will set you on the path to success. Which technology will you choose to master in 2024? Let us know in the comments below. Stay committed and happy learning with GFCA.

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